K.Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems: Animals, Plants, and Their Environment

K.   Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems: Animals, Plants, and Their Environment

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

K-LS1-1. Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive. [Clarification Statement: Examples of patterns could include that animals need to take in food but plants do not; the different kinds of food needed by different types of animals; the requirement of plants to have light; and, that all living things need water.]
K-ESS2-2. Construct an argument supported by evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the environment to meet their needs. [Clarification Statement: Examples of plants and animals changing their environment could include a squirrel digs in the ground to hide its food and tree roots can break concrete.]
K-ESS3-1. Use a model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. [Clarification Statement: Examples of relationships could include that deer eat buds and leaves, therefore, they usually live in forested areas; and, grasses need sunlight so they often grow in meadows. Plants, animals, and their surroundings make up a system.]
K-ESS3-3. Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of human impact on the land could include cutting trees to produce paper and using resources to produce bottles. Examples of solutions could include reusing paper and recycling cans and bottles.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models

Analyzing Modeling in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to include using and developing models (i.e., diagram, drawing, physical replica, diorama, dramatization, storyboard) that represent concrete events or design solutions.

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Analyzing data in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to collecting, recording, and sharing observations.

Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Engaging in argument from evidence in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to comparing ideas and representations about the natural and designed world(s).

Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information

Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information in K–2 builds on prior experiences and uses observations and texts to communicate new information.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

         Connections to Nature of Science

 

Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence

  • Scientists look for patterns and order when making observations about the world. (K-LS1-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms

ESS2.E: Biogeology

ESS3.A: Natural Resources

ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems

ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions

  • Designs can be conveyed through sketches, drawings, or physical models. These representations are useful in communicating ideas for a problem’s solutions to other people. (secondary to K-ESS3-3)

Crosscutting Concepts

Patterns

Cause and Effect

Systems and System Models

Connections to other DCIs in kindergarten:

K.ETS1.A(K-ESS3-3)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

1.LS1.A (K-LS1-1),(K-ESS3-1); 2.LS2.A (K-LS1-1); 2.ETS1.B (K-ESS3-3); 3.LS2.C (K-LS1-1); 3.LS4.B (K-LS1-1);4.ESS2.E (K-ESS2-2); 4.ESS3.A (K-ESS3-3); 5.LS1.C (K-LS1-1); 5.LS2.A (K-LS1-1),(K-ESS3-1); 5.ESS2.A (K-ESS2-2),(K-ESS3-1); 5.ESS3.C (K-ESS3-3)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
R.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. (K-ESS2-2)
W.K.1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book. (K-ESS2-2)
W.K.2 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic. (K-ESS2-2),(K-ESS3-3)
W.K.7 Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-LS1-1)
SL.K.5Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail. (K-ESS3-1)
Mathematics -
MP.2Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (K-ESS3-1)
MP.4 Model with mathematics. (K-ESS3-1)
K.CC Counting and Cardinality (K-ESS3-1)
K.MD.A.2 Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of”/”less of” the attribute, and describe the difference. (K-LS1-1)

K.   Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems: Animals, Plants, and Their Environment

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

K-LS1-1. Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive. [Clarification Statement: Examples of patterns could include that animals need to take in food but plants do not; the different kinds of food needed by different types of animals; the requirement of plants to have light; and, that all living things need water.]
K-ESS2-2. Construct an argument supported by evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the environment to meet their needs. [Clarification Statement: Examples of plants and animals changing their environment could include a squirrel digs in the ground to hide its food and tree roots can break concrete.]
K-ESS3-1. Use a model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. [Clarification Statement: Examples of relationships could include that deer eat buds and leaves, therefore, they usually live in forested areas; and, grasses need sunlight so they often grow in meadows. Plants, animals, and their surroundings make up a system.]
K-ESS3-3. Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of human impact on the land could include cutting trees to produce paper and using resources to produce bottles. Examples of solutions could include reusing paper and recycling cans and bottles.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models

Analyzing Modeling in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to include using and developing models (i.e., diagram, drawing, physical replica, diorama, dramatization, storyboard) that represent concrete events or design solutions.

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Analyzing data in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to collecting, recording, and sharing observations.

Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Engaging in argument from evidence in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to comparing ideas and representations about the natural and designed world(s).

Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information

Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information in K–2 builds on prior experiences and uses observations and texts to communicate new information.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

         Connections to Nature of Science

 

Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence

  • Scientists look for patterns and order when making observations about the world. (K-LS1-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms

ESS2.E: Biogeology

ESS3.A: Natural Resources

ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems

ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions

  • Designs can be conveyed through sketches, drawings, or physical models. These representations are useful in communicating ideas for a problem’s solutions to other people. (secondary to K-ESS3-3)

Crosscutting Concepts

Patterns

Cause and Effect

Systems and System Models

Connections to other DCIs in kindergarten:

K.ETS1.A(K-ESS3-3)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

1.LS1.A (K-LS1-1),(K-ESS3-1); 2.LS2.A (K-LS1-1); 2.ETS1.B (K-ESS3-3); 3.LS2.C (K-LS1-1); 3.LS4.B (K-LS1-1);4.ESS2.E (K-ESS2-2); 4.ESS3.A (K-ESS3-3); 5.LS1.C (K-LS1-1); 5.LS2.A (K-LS1-1),(K-ESS3-1); 5.ESS2.A (K-ESS2-2),(K-ESS3-1); 5.ESS3.C (K-ESS3-3)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
R.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. (K-ESS2-2)
W.K.1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book. (K-ESS2-2)
W.K.2 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic. (K-ESS2-2),(K-ESS3-3)
W.K.7 Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-LS1-1)
SL.K.5Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail. (K-ESS3-1)
Mathematics -
MP.2Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (K-ESS3-1)
MP.4 Model with mathematics. (K-ESS3-1)
K.CC Counting and Cardinality (K-ESS3-1)
K.MD.A.2 Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of”/”less of” the attribute, and describe the difference. (K-LS1-1)

K.   Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems: Animals, Plants, and Their Environment

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

K-LS1-1. Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive. [Clarification Statement: Examples of patterns could include that animals need to take in food but plants do not; the different kinds of food needed by different types of animals; the requirement of plants to have light; and, that all living things need water.]
K-ESS2-2. Construct an argument supported by evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the environment to meet their needs. [Clarification Statement: Examples of plants and animals changing their environment could include a squirrel digs in the ground to hide its food and tree roots can break concrete.]
K-ESS3-1. Use a model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. [Clarification Statement: Examples of relationships could include that deer eat buds and leaves, therefore, they usually live in forested areas; and, grasses need sunlight so they often grow in meadows. Plants, animals, and their surroundings make up a system.]
K-ESS3-3. Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of human impact on the land could include cutting trees to produce paper and using resources to produce bottles. Examples of solutions could include reusing paper and recycling cans and bottles.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models

Analyzing Modeling in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to include using and developing models (i.e., diagram, drawing, physical replica, diorama, dramatization, storyboard) that represent concrete events or design solutions.

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Analyzing data in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to collecting, recording, and sharing observations.

Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Engaging in argument from evidence in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to comparing ideas and representations about the natural and designed world(s).

Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information

Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information in K–2 builds on prior experiences and uses observations and texts to communicate new information.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

         Connections to Nature of Science

 

Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence

  • Scientists look for patterns and order when making observations about the world. (K-LS1-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms

ESS2.E: Biogeology

ESS3.A: Natural Resources

ESS3.C: Human Impacts on Earth Systems

ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions

  • Designs can be conveyed through sketches, drawings, or physical models. These representations are useful in communicating ideas for a problem’s solutions to other people. (secondary to K-ESS3-3)

Crosscutting Concepts

Patterns

Cause and Effect

Systems and System Models

Connections to other DCIs in kindergarten:

K.ETS1.A(K-ESS3-3)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

1.LS1.A (K-LS1-1),(K-ESS3-1); 2.LS2.A (K-LS1-1); 2.ETS1.B (K-ESS3-3); 3.LS2.C (K-LS1-1); 3.LS4.B (K-LS1-1);4.ESS2.E (K-ESS2-2); 4.ESS3.A (K-ESS3-3); 5.LS1.C (K-LS1-1); 5.LS2.A (K-LS1-1),(K-ESS3-1); 5.ESS2.A (K-ESS2-2),(K-ESS3-1); 5.ESS3.C (K-ESS3-3)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
R.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. (K-ESS2-2)
W.K.1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book. (K-ESS2-2)
W.K.2 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic. (K-ESS2-2),(K-ESS3-3)
W.K.7 Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-LS1-1)
SL.K.5Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail. (K-ESS3-1)
Mathematics -
MP.2Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (K-ESS3-1)
MP.4 Model with mathematics. (K-ESS3-1)
K.CC Counting and Cardinality (K-ESS3-1)
K.MD.A.2 Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of”/”less of” the attribute, and describe the difference. (K-LS1-1)

* The performance expectations marked with an asterisk integrate traditional science content with engineering through a Practice or Disciplinary Core Idea.

The section entitled “Disciplinary Core Ideas” is reproduced verbatim from A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Cross-Cutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Integrated and reprinted with permission from the National Academy of Sciences.