The foundational report produced by the National Research Council (NRC) that forms the basis for the NGSS. It calls for a new approach to science education based in scientific and educational research. The NGSS draws its content across the three dimensions, as well as the three-dimensional approach to learning, from The Framework.

Specify limits to large-scale assessment. They are not meant to put limits on what can be taught or how it is taught, but to provide guidance to assessment developers.