Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.*

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Construct an argument based on evidence about the simultaneous coevolution of Earth’s systems and life on Earth.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate evidence for the role of group behavior on individual and species’ chances to survive and reproduce.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
Middle School (6-8)
Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth's systems.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
Middle School (6-8)