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Apply concepts of statistics and probability to support explanations that organisms with an advantageous heritable trait tend to increase in proportion to organisms lacking this trait.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.*

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Use mathematical or computational representations to predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)