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Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects).

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.*

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Use mathematical representations to support a claim regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various media.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate questions about the advantages of using digital transmission and storage of information.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one model is more useful than the other.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in published materials of the effects that different frequencies of electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Communicate technical information about how some technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and energy.*

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)