HS.Space Systems
HSESS1 Earth's Place in the Universe 

Students who demonstrate understanding can:


The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K12 Science Education:  
Science and Engineering PracticesDeveloping and Using ModelsModeling in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to using, synthesizing, and developing models to predict and show relationships among variables between systems and their components in the natural and designed world(s). Using Mathematical and Computational ThinkingMathematical and computational thinking in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to using algebraic thinking and analysis, a range of linear and nonlinear functions including trigonometric functions, exponentials and logarithms, and computational tools for statistical analysis to analyze, represent, and model data. Simple computational simulations are created and used based on mathematical models of basic assumptions.
Constructing Explanations and Designing SolutionsConstructing explanations and designing solutions in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to explanations and designs that are supported by multiple and independent studentgenerated sources of evidence consistent with scientific ideas, principles, and theories. Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating InformationObtaining, evaluating, and communicating information in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to evaluating the validity and reliability of the claims, methods, and designs.                                    Connections to Nature of Science
Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

Disciplinary Core IdeasESS1.A: The Universe and Its Stars
ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar SystemPS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday LifePS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation 
Crosscutting ConceptsScale, Proportion, and Quantity
Energy and Matter
                                    Connections to Engineering,Technology,and Applications of Science
Interdependence of Science, Engineering, and Technology                                    Connections to Nature of Science
Scientific Knowledge Assumes an Order and Consistency in Natural Systems


Connections to other DCIs in this gradeband: HS.PS1.A (HSESS12),(HSESS13); HS.PS1.C (HSESS11),(HSESS12),(HSESS13); HS.PS2.B (HSESS14); HS.PS3.A (HSESS11),(HSESS12); HS.PS3.B (HSESS12); HS.PS4.A (HSESS12)  
Articulation of DCIs across gradebands: MS.PS1.A (HSESS11),(HSESS12),(HSESS13); MS.PS2.A (HSESS14); MS.PS2.B (HSESS14); MS.PS4.B (HSESS11),(HSESS12); MS.ESS1.A (HSESS11),(HSESS12),(HSESS13),(HSESS14); MS.ESS1.B (HSESS14); MS.ESS2.A (HSESS11); MS.ESS2.D (HSESS11) 

Common Core State Standards Connections:

HSESS1 Earth's Place in the Universe 

Students who demonstrate understanding can:


The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K12 Science Education:  
Science and Engineering PracticesDeveloping and Using ModelsModeling in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to using, synthesizing, and developing models to predict and show relationships among variables between systems and their components in the natural and designed world(s). Using Mathematical and Computational ThinkingMathematical and computational thinking in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to using algebraic thinking and analysis, a range of linear and nonlinear functions including trigonometric functions, exponentials and logarithms, and computational tools for statistical analysis to analyze, represent, and model data. Simple computational simulations are created and used based on mathematical models of basic assumptions.
Constructing Explanations and Designing SolutionsConstructing explanations and designing solutions in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to explanations and designs that are supported by multiple and independent studentgenerated sources of evidence consistent with scientific ideas, principles, and theories. Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating InformationObtaining, evaluating, and communicating information in 9–12 builds on K–8 experiences and progresses to evaluating the validity and reliability of the claims, methods, and designs.                                    Connections to Nature of Science
Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

Disciplinary Core IdeasESS1.A: The Universe and Its Stars
ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar SystemPS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday LifePS4.B: Electromagnetic Radiation 
Crosscutting ConceptsScale, Proportion, and Quantity
Energy and Matter
                                    Connections to Engineering,Technology,and Applications of Science
Interdependence of Science, Engineering, and Technology                                    Connections to Nature of Science
Scientific Knowledge Assumes an Order and Consistency in Natural Systems


Connections to other DCIs in this gradeband: HS.PS1.A (HSESS12),(HSESS13); HS.PS1.C (HSESS11),(HSESS12),(HSESS13); HS.PS2.B (HSESS14); HS.PS3.A (HSESS11),(HSESS12); HS.PS3.B (HSESS12); HS.PS4.A (HSESS12)  
Articulation of DCIs across gradebands: MS.PS1.A (HSESS11),(HSESS12),(HSESS13); MS.PS2.A (HSESS14); MS.PS2.B (HSESS14); MS.PS4.B (HSESS11),(HSESS12); MS.ESS1.A (HSESS11),(HSESS12),(HSESS13),(HSESS14); MS.ESS1.B (HSESS14); MS.ESS2.A (HSESS11); MS.ESS2.D (HSESS11) 

Common Core State Standards Connections:

* The performance expectations marked with an asterisk integrate traditional science content with engineering through a Practice or Disciplinary Core Idea.
The section entitled “Disciplinary Core Ideas” is reproduced verbatim from A Framework for K12 Science Education: Practices, CrossCutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Integrated and reprinted with permission from the National Academy of Sciences.