MS-PS2-5 Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

MS-PS2-5   Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

MS-PS2-5. Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact. [Clarification Statement: Examples of this phenomenon could include the interactions of magnets, electrically-charged strips of tape, and electrically-charged pith balls. Examples of investigations could include first-hand experiences or simulations.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to electric and magnetic fields, and limited to qualitative evidence for the existence of fields.]
The performance expectation above was developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in 6–8 builds on K–5 experiences and progresses to include investigations that use multiple variables and provide evidence to support explanations or design solutions.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS2.B: Types of Interactions

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in this grade-band: N/A

Articulation of DCIs across grade-bands:

3.PS2.B ; HS.PS2.B ; HS.PS3.A ; HS.PS3.B ; HS.PS3.C

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
RST.6-8.3Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks. (MS-PS2-5)
WHST.6-8.7Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. (MS-PS2-5)

MS-PS2-5   Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

MS-PS2-5. Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact. [Clarification Statement: Examples of this phenomenon could include the interactions of magnets, electrically-charged strips of tape, and electrically-charged pith balls. Examples of investigations could include first-hand experiences or simulations.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to electric and magnetic fields, and limited to qualitative evidence for the existence of fields.]
The performance expectation above was developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in 6–8 builds on K–5 experiences and progresses to include investigations that use multiple variables and provide evidence to support explanations or design solutions.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS2.B: Types of Interactions

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in this grade-band: N/A

Articulation of DCIs across grade-bands:

3.PS2.B ; HS.PS2.B ; HS.PS3.A ; HS.PS3.B ; HS.PS3.C

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
RST.6-8.3Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks. (MS-PS2-5)
WHST.6-8.7Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. (MS-PS2-5)

MS-PS2-5   Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

MS-PS2-5. Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact. [Clarification Statement: Examples of this phenomenon could include the interactions of magnets, electrically-charged strips of tape, and electrically-charged pith balls. Examples of investigations could include first-hand experiences or simulations.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to electric and magnetic fields, and limited to qualitative evidence for the existence of fields.]
The performance expectation above was developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in 6–8 builds on K–5 experiences and progresses to include investigations that use multiple variables and provide evidence to support explanations or design solutions.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS2.B: Types of Interactions

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in this grade-band: N/A

Articulation of DCIs across grade-bands:

3.PS2.B ; HS.PS2.B ; HS.PS3.A ; HS.PS3.B ; HS.PS3.C

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
RST.6-8.3Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks. (MS-PS2-5)
WHST.6-8.7Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. (MS-PS2-5)

* The performance expectations marked with an asterisk integrate traditional science content with engineering through a Practice or Disciplinary Core Idea.

The section entitled “Disciplinary Core Ideas” is reproduced verbatim from A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Cross-Cutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Integrated and reprinted with permission from the National Academy of Sciences.