HS-PS2-1   Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

HS-PS2-1. Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration. [Clarification Statement: Examples of data could include tables or graphs of position or velocity as a function of time for objects subject to a net unbalanced force, such as a falling object, an object sliding down a ramp, or a moving object being pulled by a constant force.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to one-dimensional motion and to macroscopic objects moving at non-relativistic speeds.]
The performance expectation above was developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Analyzing data in 9–12 builds on K–8 and progresses to introducing more detailed statistical analysis, the comparison of data sets for consistency, and the use of models to generate and analyze data.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

• Theories and laws provide explanations in science.
• Laws are statements or descriptions of the relationships among observable phenomena.

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in this grade-level:

HS.PS3.C ; HS.ESS1.A ; HS.ESS1.C ; H.ESS2.C

Common Core State Standards Connections:

HS-PS2-1   Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

HS-PS2-1. Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration. [Clarification Statement: Examples of data could include tables or graphs of position or velocity as a function of time for objects subject to a net unbalanced force, such as a falling object, an object sliding down a ramp, or a moving object being pulled by a constant force.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to one-dimensional motion and to macroscopic objects moving at non-relativistic speeds.]
The performance expectation above was developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Analyzing data in 9–12 builds on K–8 and progresses to introducing more detailed statistical analysis, the comparison of data sets for consistency, and the use of models to generate and analyze data.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

• Theories and laws provide explanations in science.
• Laws are statements or descriptions of the relationships among observable phenomena.

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in this grade-level:

HS.PS3.C ; HS.ESS1.A ; HS.ESS1.C ; H.ESS2.C

Common Core State Standards Connections:

HS-PS2-1   Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

HS-PS2-1. Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration. [Clarification Statement: Examples of data could include tables or graphs of position or velocity as a function of time for objects subject to a net unbalanced force, such as a falling object, an object sliding down a ramp, or a moving object being pulled by a constant force.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to one-dimensional motion and to macroscopic objects moving at non-relativistic speeds.]
The performance expectation above was developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Analyzing data in 9–12 builds on K–8 and progresses to introducing more detailed statistical analysis, the comparison of data sets for consistency, and the use of models to generate and analyze data.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

• Theories and laws provide explanations in science.
• Laws are statements or descriptions of the relationships among observable phenomena.

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in this grade-level:

HS.PS3.C ; HS.ESS1.A ; HS.ESS1.C ; H.ESS2.C

Common Core State Standards Connections:

* The performance expectations marked with an asterisk integrate traditional science content with engineering through a Practice or Disciplinary Core Idea.

The section entitled “Disciplinary Core Ideas” is reproduced verbatim from A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Cross-Cutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Integrated and reprinted with permission from the National Academy of Sciences.

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