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Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on a macroscopic object during a collision.*

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Use mathematical representations of Newton’s Law of Gravitation and Coulomb’s Law to describe and predict the gravitational and electrostatic forces between objects.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that an electric current can produce a magnetic field and that a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.*

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects).

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.*

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics).

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)
Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction.

Performance Expectation

Grade: 
High School (9-12)